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Biblical Chrolonology

I recently started a video series about biblical genealogy. In Part 1, I talked about which characters are mythological or legendary and which are historical. In Part 2, I talk about the chronology of the Hebrew Bible (also known as the Tanakh or Old Testament). Below is a more detailed version of the chronology I use.

To download the chronology as a PDF file, click on the image below:

Chronology of the Tanakh (Old Testament)

Note: This chronology is based on the Masoretic Text (the 1000-year old Hebrew version of the Tanakh that is the basis for most of the modern English translations used by both Jews and Christians). The A.M. (“Anno Mundi”) dates measure the amount of years since the creation of the world and have been converted to B.C.E. / B.C. (“Before the Common Era” or “Before Christ”) dates using the year 164 B.C.E. as the anchor point. Please note that the scribes chose many of the numbers for symbolic or poetic reasons and therefore they should not be understood as literal, historical dates. 

Event

A.M.

B.C.E.

 

 

Bible Verse

Creation of the world and of Adam

1

4163

 

Genesis 1:1, 26

Seth born when Adam was 130

131

4033

 

Genesis 5:3

Enosh born when Seth was 105

236

3928

 

Genesis 5:6

Kenan born when Enosh was 90

326

3838

 

Genesis 5:9

Mahalalel born when Kenan was 70

396

3768

 

Genesis 5:12

Jared born when Mahalalel was 65

461

3703

 

Genesis 5:15

Enoch born when Jared was 162

623

3541

 

Genesis 5:18

Methuselah born when Enoch was 65

688

3476

 

Genesis 5:21

Lamech born when Methuselah was 187

875

3289

 

Genesis 5:25

Noah born when Lamech was 182

1057

3107

 

Genesis 5:28

Shem born when Noah was 500

1557

2607

 

Genesis 5:32

The Flood occurs when Noah was 600

1657

2507

 

Genesis 7:6

 

CREATION TO FLOOD = 1656 YEARS

 

Arphaxad born when Shem was 100

1657

2507

 

Genesis 11:10

Shelah born when Arphaxad was 35

1692

2472

 

Genesis 11:12

Eber born when Shelah was 30

1722

2442

 

Genesis 11:14

Peleg born when Eber was 34

1756

2408

 

Genesis 11:16

Reu born when Peleg was 30

1786

2378

 

Genesis 11:18

Serug born when Reu was 32

1818

2346

 

Genesis 11:20

Nahor born when Serug was 30

1848

2316

 

Genesis 11:22

Terah born when Nahor was 29

1877

2287

 

Genesis 11:24

Abraham born when Terah was 70

1947

2217

 

Genesis 11:26

 

FLOOD TO BIRTH OF ABRAHAM = 290 YEARS

 

Isaac born when Abraham was 100

2047

2117

 

Genesis 21:5

Jacob born when Isaac was 60

2107

2057

 

Genesis 25:26

Jacob was 130 when he moved to Egypt

2237

1927

 

Genesis 47:8-9

 

BIRTH OF ABRAHAM TO JACOB’S MOVE TO EGYPT = 290 YEARS

 

The Exodus occurred 430 YEARS after Jacob and his family moved to Egypt

This is 2/3 of the way to the year 4000

 

2667

1497

 

Exodus 12:40

The First Temple started to be built by Solomon 480 YEARS after the Exodus

(in the fourth year of his reign)

This is 1200 years after the birth of Abraham

 

3147

1017

 

1 Kings 6:1

Solomon reigned for 37 more years

3184

980

 

1 Kings 11:42

Rehoboam reigned for 17 years, ending in:

3201

963

 

1 Kings 14:21

Abijah reigned 3 years, ending in:

3204

960

 

1 Kings 15:2

Asa reigned 41 years, ending in:

3245

919

 

1 Kings 15:10

Jehoshaphat reigned 25 years, ending in:

3270

894

 

1 Kings 22:42

Jehoram reigned 8 years, ending in:

3278

886

 

2 Kings 8:17

Ahaziah reigned 1 years, ending in:

3279

885

 

2 Kings 8:26

Athaliah reigned 6 years, ending in:

3285

879

 

2 Kings 11:3

Jehoash reigned 40 years, ending in:

3325

839

 

2 Kings 12:1

Amaziah reigned 29 years, ending in:

3354

810

 

2 Kings 14:2

Uzziah reigned 52 years, ending in:

3406

758

 

2 Kings 15:2

 

Note: The names & BCE dates from this point forward have been historically-verified

 

Jotham reigned 16 years, ending in:

3422

742

 

2 Kings 15:33

Ahaz reigned 16 years, ending in:

3438

726

 

2 Kings 16:2

Hezekiah reigned 29 years, ending in:

3467

697

 

2 Kings 18:2

Manasseh reigned 55 years, ending in:

3522

642

 

2 Kings 21:1

Amon reigned 2 years, ending in:

3524

640

 

2 Kings 21:19

Josiah reigned 31 years, ending in:

3555

609

 

2 Kings 22:1

Jehoahaz reigned 3 months, ending in:

3555

609

 

2 Kings 23:31

Jehoiakim 11 years, ending in:

3566

598

 

2 Kings 23:36

Jehoiachin reigned 3 months, ending in:

3566

598

 

2 Kings 24:8

Zedekiah reigned 11 years, ending in:

(Jerusalem destroyed by Babylonians)

 

 

3577

587

 

2 Kings 24:18

LENGTH OF TIME FIRST TEMPLE STOOD = 430 YEARS

 

 

 

 

 

Persians allow Jews to return

3626

538

 

 

Second Temple finished

3648

516

 

 

Start of Hellenistic Rule

3830

334

 

 

Maccabean Revolt begins

3997

167

 

 

Second Temple is rededicated

4000

164

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CREATION TO REDEDICATION = 4000 YEARS


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